This symptoms of Coronavirus is collected in China according to all the cases.
China had controlled the virus. They have worked on the virus hard. So this is a piece of really important information for you if you're in the high-risk area.
1. What symptoms may be infected with the new coronavirus?
The general symptoms of new coronavirus infection are: fever, fatigue, dry cough, and dyspnea gradually appear; some patients have mild onset symptoms, and may not even have an obvious fever.
Severe symptoms include acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, difficult to correct metabolic acidosis, and coagulopathy. Judging from the current cases, most patients have a good prognosis, and a few patients are critically ill and even die.
In addition to the above symptoms, there may be "atypical" symptoms, such as:
(1) Only the first manifestations of digestive symptoms: such as mild appetite, fatigue, poor mentality, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, etc .;
(2) First manifestation with neurological symptoms: such as headache;
(3) First manifestations of cardiovascular system symptoms: such as palpitation, chest tightness, etc .;
(4) First manifestation with ophthalmic symptoms: such as conjunctivitis;
(5) Only mild sore limbs or lower back muscles.
2. If clinical manifestations such as fever, fatigue, and dry cough appear, does it mean infection with new coronary pneumonia?
Many respiratory diseases will show symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and dry cough. Whether or not the infection needs to be diagnosed depends on whether the doctor has visited the epidemic area before the onset of the disease, has been exposed to suspicious or confirmed cases, and the results of laboratory tests.
3. Dry cough is one of the symptoms, so what is the difference between dry cough and cough?
The main difference between a dry cough and a cough is the presence of sputum.
A dry cough is a cough that has no or little sputum when you cough. A common cold and acute bronchitis can also cause dry cough, and some respiratory infections are also common, such as acute sinusitis, acute rhinitis, acute tonsillitis, acute pharyngitis, and acute episodes of chronic bronchitis. In addition, inhaling some irritating gases and dust can also induce acute dry cough.
Cough is a protective response mechanism of the respiratory tract. Cough can clear secretions and harmful factors in the respiratory tract. Sputum is formed when secretions or harmful factors in the airways are expelled from the body with the action of a cough. Coughing and sputum usually means that the respiratory tract is irritated or has a disease.
4. What symptoms need to be treated in time?
If you have symptoms such as fever, fatigue, muscle aches, cough, sputum, shortness of breath, diarrhea, conjunctival congestion, etc., you should seek medical treatment in time, and tell the doctor the travel history or contact history of the two weeks before the illness, so that the doctor can quickly make a judgment.
5. What department do you go to the hospital for symptoms?
For patients with fever, fatigue, and cough, the nurses will first take a temperature measurement and guide them to a fever clinic when they arrive at the hospital. The outpatient doctor will ask you whether you have been to the epidemic area within 2 weeks and have been exposed to suspicious or confirmed cases. If it is suspicious pneumonia, the doctor will collect your throat swabs, sputum and other specimens and send them to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or conditional hospital laboratory for testing of new coronavirus. If the results of the two accounting tests are positive, the diagnosis is confirmed.
6. What is the difference between the new coronavirus pneumonia and the symptoms of influenza and common cold?
New coronavirus pneumonia is mainly manifested by fever, fatigue, dry cough, etc. A few patients are accompanied by upper respiratory and digestive symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and diarrhea. May be accompanied by pneumonia, but early pneumonia may not have fever, only chills and respiratory infection symptoms, but CT will show pneumonia.
In severe cases, dyspnea or hypoxemia usually develops after 1 week. In severe cases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, difficult to correct metabolic acidosis, and coagulation dysfunction develop rapidly.
It is worth noting that in the course of severe and critically ill patients, there can be moderate to low fever, even without obvious fever.
Mild patients show only low fever, mild fatigue, and no pneumonia. They usually recover after 1 week. A few infected people have no obvious clinical symptoms and only test positive. Judging from the current cases, most patients have a good prognosis, children's cases are relatively mild, and a few patients are critically ill. Some children and neonatal cases may have atypical symptoms, manifested as gastrointestinal symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea, or only manifested as mental weakness and shortness of breath. Deaths are more common in the elderly and those with chronic underlying diseases.
Symptoms of flu are mainly fever, headache, muscle pain, and general discomfort. The body temperature can reach 39 to 40 ℃, and there may be chills and chills. Many are accompanied by systemic symptoms such as muscle joint pain, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Often, sore throat, A dry cough may have stuffy nose, runny nose, and discomfort behind the sternum.
Face flushed, conjunctiva congestion. Partially characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, it is common in children infected with influenza B. The course of the patients without complications was self-limiting, and the body temperature returned to normal after 3 to 4 days after the onset of symptoms. The general symptoms improved, but it usually took 1 to 2 weeks for cough and physical recovery.
Pneumonia is the most common complication. Other complications include nervous system damage, myocardial damage, myositis, rhabdomyolysis syndrome, and septic shock.
Common colds are mainly manifested by nasal congestion and runny nose. Most patients have mild symptoms and generally do not cause symptoms of pneumonia.
7. What to do if you suspect that someone around you is infected with the new coronavirus?
If you suspect that people around you are infected with the new coronavirus, you should first wear a mask yourself and keep a distance of more than 2 meters from the other party to avoid close communication with the other party.
8. Are older people more susceptible to the new coronavirus?
First, people 65 years and older are generally defined as "elderly people" in diagnostics. However, everyone's physical condition is different, and it is recommended that people over 60 years of age raise their awareness of health and pay close attention to their own conditions.
New coronaviruses are generally susceptible to various populations. However, the overall immunity of the elderly is usually low, and often accompanied by basic diseases such as cardiovascular disease. After infection, the disease is more severe, and it is more likely to quickly progress to severe illness or even death. Therefore, more attention is indeed needed.
9. How can we not miss the diagnosis of "atypical" patients without fever and cough?
Possible first symptoms in `` atypical '' patients
According to the "Recognition and Protection of New Coronavirus Pneumonia (2019-nCOV) Patients-Paying High Attention to the First Symptoms of Non-Respiratory System" by the Research Group of Wuhan University People's Hospital
Some patients have non-respiratory symptoms as the first symptom, such as:
First manifestations of digestive system symptoms: such as mild anorexia, fatigue, poor mentality, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, etc .;
First manifestations of neurological symptoms: such as headache;
Cardiovascular system symptoms as the first manifestation: such as palpitation, chest tightness, etc .;
First manifestations of ophthalmic symptoms: such as conjunctivitis;
Only mild sore limbs or lower back muscles.
The above-mentioned patients with non-respiratory system as the first manifestation are easy to go to relevant departments, such as Gastroenterology, Neurology, Cardiovascular Medicine, etc., which may easily cause misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.
10. What should I do as a healthcare worker?
As some patients with the new type of coronavirus pneumonia have no obvious symptoms such as fever, it is necessary to fully raise the vigilance of patients with poor appetite, fatigue, muscle soreness (including mild soreness), and mental insufficiency, and conduct relevant investigations in a timely manner.
The patient's medical history should be asked in more detail: especially for patients with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis, history of fever in the past two weeks.
For such "atypical" cases, timely blood tests and respiratory pathogenic tests should be performed, and chest CT examinations should be performed under certain conditions. At the same time, full communication should be made with patients and their families.
If abnormalities are suggested, the detection of coronavirus should be further improved.
It is particularly emphasized that chest radiographs are not recommended to avoid missed early lesions that are difficult to find.
11. Can suspected cases and confirmed cases be isolated by themselves?
According to Zhong Nanshan's latest guidance, he believes that suspected cases and confirmed cases are not self-isolated at home because the ward is not enough. This behavior is very dangerous. At present, Vulcan Mountain Hospital can relieve the pressure of large hospitals to treat severe patients.